What is Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder in which the inner lining of the respiratory tract becomes inflamed. Alternatively it could be blocked with a layer of mucus or could become constricted due to some other reason. All these factors could lead to severe problems in respiration, which could even result in death of the person.
Though asthma is a chronic disorder, it does not manifest itself all the time. It is exacerbated by certain triggers, which can lead to the bouts of respiratory problems, known as asthmatic attacks. During an asthmatic attack, there is severe difficulty in breathing, characterized by wheezing, gasping, shortness of breath and inability of speech. Generally an attack does not last more than a few minutes. However, a severe attack could kill within those few moments the attack lasts.
Why is Asthma caused?
The exact cause of asthma is not known. But in asthmatic people, the attacks are caused due to some environmental factors to which they are allergic. There are many allergenic factors in the environment such as dust, hair, pollen, lint, smoke, cigarette smoke, perfumes, deodorants and many others. When such an allergen is present in the environment of the person whose respiratory tract is inflamed, the person develops a violent reaction. This is known as an asthmatic attack.
However why some people are allergic to some substances is not known. The same substance can have widely different responses in different people. Even with the same allergen, there could be different levels of responsiveness in different people.
It is being strongly suggested nowadays that allergies develop due to genetic factors. For example, if the father is allergic to chalk powder, then there is a strong possibility that the child will be allergic to the same substance also. Again, it is not clear why in some people the respiratory tracts get inflamed.
What are the Symptoms of Asthma?
When a person is going to get the attack, one or more of the following symptoms can be observed:-
When the attack comes on, the following characteristics are observed:-
How can Asthma be avoided?
Asthma is a chronic condition; there is no cure for it. Hence the only ‘treatment’ for an asthmatic attack will be to identify the allergenic factor and completely eliminate it from the surroundings of the person. Often it is difficult to find out which the allergen is; but with careful observation, it can be found out.
People living with an asthmatic patient should also take due care that the allergen is not introduced in the proximity of the person. Generally with the allergen eliminated from the surroundings, asthmatic patients can lead a normal life.
One more point is to keep a bronchodilator always at hand. This is a pump-like device which pumps air forcibly into the respiratory tract, thereby reducing the constriction. Also the bronchodilator must always be full – negligence could make all the difference between life and death to a patient.
How can Asthma be controlled with Simple Home Remedies?
Many traditional recipes have been used over the ages to keep asthma at bay. Though not clinically proven, these recipes have been indeed effective in prolonging the lives of asthmatic persons. Some of these recipes are given below:-